Anatomy of Your Teeth

Anatomy of Your Teeth

When you’re sitting in the chair at your dentist in Dallas, the dental professionals might use words you’re unsure of. Understanding the anatomy of your teeth and mouth — and the words that go along with those topics — can help you get more out of a dental visit and understand your dentist’s instructions better.

Parts of a Tooth

Teeth have multiple layers. The top layer, which most people are familiar with, is called enamel. It’s a hard outer layer that protects the inside of the tooth and is made up of rock-like minerals.

Under the enamel is dentin, another hard tissue. Dentin has many tiny tubes you can’t see, and if your enamel is damaged and food or liquid can get to the dentin, it can get in those tubes. That can lead to pain or discomfort.

Beneath those harder layers is a section called pulp. It’s made up of soft tissue that holds nerves and blood vessels.

Below all this are layers of cementum and periodontal ligaments. These are what hold your teeth to the jaw.

Damage to any of these layers can cause trouble with the health of the tooth and lead to pain or other symptoms.

Types of Teeth

All teeth are made up of the above layers, but you have different types of teeth in your mouth for tearing, chewing and other purposes.

Adults who still have all their teeth typically have 32. Those include:

  • 8 incisors, which are the front four teeth on the top and bottom. These teeth are used for biting into and tearing food.
  • 4 canines, which surround the incisors on either side on the top and bottom. These are also used for biting and tearing.
  • 8 premolars, two of each on either side of the canines on the top and bottom. They act as guides to move food from the front to the molars in the back when you chew.
  • 8 molars, two of each on either side of the premolars on the top and bottom. These flat teeth help grind and chew food to help with swallowing.
  • 4 wisdom teeth, which are often removed in the late teen years because they can create crowding and cause spacing issues with other teeth.

Each tooth has a special job to do to support oral health and functions like chewing. Keeping all your teeth as healthy as possible is important — even if you don’t know the names for each type.

Learn More About Dental Care Options

Scheduling an appointment with a dentist in Dallas can help ensure your teeth — from incisors to molars — are in good health. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

Content found on this blog is intended for educational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional judgement, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please speak with a professional if you have concerns about your oral health.



COVID-19 Update

Dear Friends and Patients of Kozlow & Rowell Dentistry,
We want you to know that you are safe to receive your needed care here as always. In light of the Covid-19 pandemic, the following are extra measures that we have implemented to ensure the safety of our patients and staff.

  • Each member of our health team undergoes daily temperature checks and health screenings.
  • Covid-19 screenings for each patient upon check-in 10-15 minutes before scheduled appt. (temperature checks & health questionnaire).
  • Masks are worn by all patients and staff upon entry to the building and inside the suite(anywhere outside of exam rooms)
  • Patients are asked to practice social distancing at all times.
  • Plexiglass barriers are placed at the front desk for extra protection.
  • Continual sanitation of all door handles, countertops, restrooms and furniture.
  • All consents and paperwork are completed electronically upon check-in and sterilized after each use.
  • Air foggers have been placed in every exam room.
  • Staff is equipped with (PPE), proper protective equipment.(e.g., gloves, N95 & ASTM level 3 masks, eyewear)
  • Disposable, protective coats and hats.
  • Pre-procedural mouth rinse with ozone water.
  • CDC approved sterilization for all instruments.
  • Each operatory is sanitized with sodium hypochlorous after each patient.
  • Ozone is used before every exam and during dental treatment.
  • No handshakes or hugs
  • No magazines

Our office has always gone above and beyond to meet all health standards and guidelines set up by the CDC and ADA. We will continue to exceed those standards now. Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential to your overall health.

Click here for a personal video message from Dr. Kozlow. Be safe and we hope to see you soon.

Please contact our office if you have any concerns.

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